Luci swampland (282,5 ha), Sântimbru and Sâncrãieni

This swamp covers 73 ha, and by its size is the largest mountain peat swamp in Romania, it is located 10 km west from Sâncrãieni, in the northern part of the Southern-Harghita Mountains, between the Tolvajos pass and Sântimbru Bãi, in a giant crater.

The diameter of the crater is 7 km, it is situated at 1080 meters altitude, and the Cormos brook flows through the marsh. The thickness of the peat is estimated to be about 4, 5 meters. The area of 282.5 ha was declared protected area in 1955. It was formed by the drainage and sedimentation of a former crater lake, and deserved its protected status due to its plant associations and species which are here since the last ice age.

We can mention the dwarf birch (Betula nana), sphagmun moss species, round-leafed sundew (Drosera rotundifolia), hare’s tail cottongrass (Eriophorum vaginatum), blueberries and cranberries. Among the reptiles we can find the common lizard (Zootoca vivipapa), the European viper (Vipera berus), the Carpathian newt (Triturus montandori), the alpine newt (Triturus alpestris), the common newt (Triturus vulgaris), the yellow bellied toad (Bombina variegata), the European common frog (Rana temporaria) or the European common toad (Bufo bufo). There are also frequently seen brown bears, stags, dear, wolf, wild boar and lynx as well.

Protecting the natural environment is our legal duty. A nature reserve is an area of a particular status, enforced by law, where not just a couple of rare species of plants, animals, geological formations or archeological-paleontological objects can be found and need to be protected. To ensure, that these protected elements will remain or survive, we need to protect their living habitat as well. The natural values and the biodiversity of a given area offer a spiritual experience, and an aesthetic enjoyment, thus contributes to a spiritual recreation of the explorer of nature. Harghita County is one of the few places, endowed with several authentic natural treasures. These gems of nature represent an economical asset, and by this, an improper visitor’s behavior can endanger its content and existence. Protecting our environmental treasures is a collective task and duty. The managing organizations which are responsible for these reserves have been already assigned, and they can enforce or apply special rules for visitors regarding protected area. Below you can find some recommendations concerning the avoidance of natural damages:
  • do not leave the marked trails
  • do not litter or leave garbage behind
  • keep the peace and quiet by avoiding to use strong sources of music
  • do not tear any plants down, including the protected species
  • camp only in specially designed and marked areas
  • make fire only in special designated areas, and make sure that you put you put it out before leaving
  • do not throw lit cigarette butts
  • avoid using motorized vehicles in the vicinity of the protected areas, and use only the marked accessibility routes
  • enjoy the sounds and sights of nature and do not disturb others in enjoying these as well
By this informative material, which presents the natural protected areas of Harghita County, we wish to contribute to the promotion of a responsible and eco-conscious form of tourism. To a better success we count on your open mindedness and interest.

Closer to nature: through visiting and preservation!


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