Rat Lake, geological p.a. (10 ha), Porumbeni

The Rat Lake is 2 km north from Porumbeni, in the valley of the Tulbure brooks. It was formed due to a major landslide, when the lower land behind it was filled with water. The lake is 250 meters in length and 150 meters wide covering in all 3 ha.

The nature reserve consists of the lake and its surrounding area. The territory of the reserve covers 10 ha. The depth of the lake is variable, it is 4-7 meters deep on open water and 3-4 meters deep near the reed.

Some of the rare plants that can be found here are: the tufted loosestrife (Lysimachia thyrsiflora), the bog-bean (Menyantes trifoliate) or the small carnivorous plant, the bladderwort (Utricularia vulgaris) which feeds with larvae and small crustaceans. In the lake several native fish species live such as the crucian carp, the common carp, the medicinal leech and the water snake.

Protecting the natural environment is our legal duty. A nature reserve is an area of a particular status, enforced by law, where not just a couple of rare species of plants, animals, geological formations or archeological-paleontological objects can be found and need to be protected. To ensure, that these protected elements will remain or survive, we need to protect their living habitat as well. The natural values and the biodiversity of a given area offer a spiritual experience, and an aesthetic enjoyment, thus contributes to a spiritual recreation of the explorer of nature. Harghita County is one of the few places, endowed with several authentic natural treasures. These gems of nature represent an economical asset, and by this, an improper visitor’s behavior can endanger its content and existence. Protecting our environmental treasures is a collective task and duty. The managing organizations which are responsible for these reserves have been already assigned, and they can enforce or apply special rules for visitors regarding protected area. Below you can find some recommendations concerning the avoidance of natural damages:
  • do not leave the marked trails
  • do not litter or leave garbage behind
  • keep the peace and quiet by avoiding to use strong sources of music
  • do not tear any plants down, including the protected species
  • camp only in specially designed and marked areas
  • make fire only in special designated areas, and make sure that you put you put it out before leaving
  • do not throw lit cigarette butts
  • avoid using motorized vehicles in the vicinity of the protected areas, and use only the marked accessibility routes
  • enjoy the sounds and sights of nature and do not disturb others in enjoying these as well
By this informative material, which presents the natural protected areas of Harghita County, we wish to contribute to the promotion of a responsible and eco-conscious form of tourism. To a better success we count on your open mindedness and interest.

Closer to nature: through visiting and preservation!


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