Saint Ana Lake, geological p.a. (199 ha), Lãzãreºti, Cozmeni

Both the Saint Ana Lake and the Mohos swamp are part of the Ciomatu-Puciosu Mountain group; they are formed in the two craters of the mountain group. The Ciomat Volcanic cone is the southernmost volcano of the Harghita Mountains that erupted 29 thousand years ago, being the youngest one as well.

The Saint Ana Lake is the only volcanic crater lake of Europe, which lies in one of the most picturesque environments of this country. It is surrounded by steep crater walls, with a couple of significant peaks: Ciomatul Mare (1301 m), Ciomatul Mic (1238 m), Taþa hill(1174 m) or Piscul Pietros (1125 m).

The clear water of the lake is exclusively from precipitation, there are no springs that may supply it. The water level of lake decreases annually due to sedimentation, at the moment the deepest point being 6.5 meters. In calm weather we can observe bubbles raising from the bottom of the lake due to post-volcanic activity. At the north-eastern part of the lake on the top of the water we can find a plant association of peat moss that is 1 meter thick with several sphagnum species in association with sedge species (Carex lasiocarpa, C. rostrata), tufted loosestrife (Lysimachia thyrsiflora) and round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia).

In the southern areas of the lake we can find other species of peat moss, segde and blueberries as well..

Protecting the natural environment is our legal duty. A nature reserve is an area of a particular status, enforced by law, where not just a couple of rare species of plants, animals, geological formations or archeological-paleontological objects can be found and need to be protected. To ensure, that these protected elements will remain or survive, we need to protect their living habitat as well. The natural values and the biodiversity of a given area offer a spiritual experience, and an aesthetic enjoyment, thus contributes to a spiritual recreation of the explorer of nature. Harghita County is one of the few places, endowed with several authentic natural treasures. These gems of nature represent an economical asset, and by this, an improper visitor’s behavior can endanger its content and existence. Protecting our environmental treasures is a collective task and duty. The managing organizations which are responsible for these reserves have been already assigned, and they can enforce or apply special rules for visitors regarding protected area. Below you can find some recommendations concerning the avoidance of natural damages:
  • do not leave the marked trails
  • do not litter or leave garbage behind
  • keep the peace and quiet by avoiding to use strong sources of music
  • do not tear any plants down, including the protected species
  • camp only in specially designed and marked areas
  • make fire only in special designated areas, and make sure that you put you put it out before leaving
  • do not throw lit cigarette butts
  • avoid using motorized vehicles in the vicinity of the protected areas, and use only the marked accessibility routes
  • enjoy the sounds and sights of nature and do not disturb others in enjoying these as well
By this informative material, which presents the natural protected areas of Harghita County, we wish to contribute to the promotion of a responsible and eco-conscious form of tourism. To a better success we count on your open mindedness and interest.

Closer to nature: through visiting and preservation!


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