The Mohos swamp p.a. (238 ha), Lãzãreºti, Cozmeni

The Mohos Swamp, as the Saint Ana Lake, because of its picturesque landscape, is one of the rarest swamps of the world. It is located at 1050 meters above the sea level, at the feet of the Mohoș Peak (1177 m), and the Cocoizaº Hill (1116 m), covering 238 ha of land.

The protected landscape area consists of a natural rarity that is the swamp. The swamp emerged over the former Mohoș lake, which has been drained by the Rosu Brook. The swamp is 10 meters thick in several places, its diameter is 800 meters while regarding its depth in some places it is 2, 3 meters. This landscape is of scientific value since it is the home of natural rarities, the majority of which being the tundra vegetation survived from the glacial period or as the four species of sundew and the twenty species of moss.

The swamp is surrounded and covered by diverse plant associations of variable width. Here the moisture-loving alder (Alnus glutinosa) forms associations with different sedge species (Alnetum glutinosae - caricosum elongatae and caricosum remotae). In drier parts, mostly in north and east, the scots pine forms associations with blueberries (Pinetum sylvestris vaccinietosum) resulting in a pine forest with blueberry bushes.

Towards the middle of the swamp we shall find the rare sedge species (Pinetum sylvestris eriophoretosum vaginati). In other places the pine trees are in association with the white or bog birch (Pinus sylvestris f. turfosa), the undergrowth being made up of Sphagnum moss and spiky sedge species (Pino - Betuletum caricetosum

The plant community dominating the swamp is the hare’s tail cottongrass in association with bog rosemary (Eriophoro vaginati – Sphagnetum). On the bank of the small lakes we can find the rare and protected carnivorous plant, the round-leafed sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) and the slightly longer leafed sundew (Drosera obovata), with leaf rosette and string-like flowers. Other ice age relict plants are the swamp cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos ssp. microcarpum), the bog rosemary (Andromeda polifolia), pod grass (Scheuchzeria palustris), yellow loosestrife (Lysimachia thyrifolia), slim-stem reed grass (Calamagrostis neglecta), Cnidium dubium and the common cottongrass (Eriophorum angustifolium).

Around the Saint Ana Lake and the Mohoș Swamp we can often come across the brown bear. Rarely, we can observe the Carpathian stag, the dear, sometimes the wolf and even more rarely the lynx. Among the protected animals we can mention the fire salamander and the slow-worm too..

Protecting the natural environment is our legal duty. A nature reserve is an area of a particular status, enforced by law, where not just a couple of rare species of plants, animals, geological formations or archeological-paleontological objects can be found and need to be protected. To ensure, that these protected elements will remain or survive, we need to protect their living habitat as well. The natural values and the biodiversity of a given area offer a spiritual experience, and an aesthetic enjoyment, thus contributes to a spiritual recreation of the explorer of nature. Harghita County is one of the few places, endowed with several authentic natural treasures. These gems of nature represent an economical asset, and by this, an improper visitor’s behavior can endanger its content and existence. Protecting our environmental treasures is a collective task and duty. The managing organizations which are responsible for these reserves have been already assigned, and they can enforce or apply special rules for visitors regarding protected area. Below you can find some recommendations concerning the avoidance of natural damages:
  • do not leave the marked trails
  • do not litter or leave garbage behind
  • keep the peace and quiet by avoiding to use strong sources of music
  • do not tear any plants down, including the protected species
  • camp only in specially designed and marked areas
  • make fire only in special designated areas, and make sure that you put you put it out before leaving
  • do not throw lit cigarette butts
  • avoid using motorized vehicles in the vicinity of the protected areas, and use only the marked accessibility routes
  • enjoy the sounds and sights of nature and do not disturb others in enjoying these as well
By this informative material, which presents the natural protected areas of Harghita County, we wish to contribute to the promotion of a responsible and eco-conscious form of tourism. To a better success we count on your open mindedness and interest.

Closer to nature: through visiting and preservation!


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