The Nádas Bãi swamp botanical p.a. (4 ha), Tuºnad, Tuºnadu Nou

The 4 ha swamp botanical area lies on the northern slopes of the Ciomatu Mountain, between the Haramul-Mare and Haramul-Mic hills, 1.5 km from Tușnadu Nou, at 680 meters above sea level. The area is rich in cold mineral water springs and gas eruptions. It was formed in a valley, and now is covered by a thick layer of peat.

The swamp is populated by sedge species, in association with rare relict species like the crested wood fern (Dryopteris cristata) or the Carex cristata sedge species, Ligularia sibirica (a remnant from the last ice age). Due to uncontrolled human activity some very rare and protected species have disappeared like the dwarf spindle (Euonymus nana) and the Greek valerian (Polemonium caeruleum). In case of the last two plants, this swamp represented the southernmost living space in the northern hemisphere. There is still a chance for saving two ice age remnant species, the ligularia sibirica and the crested woodfern.

Protecting the natural environment is our legal duty. A nature reserve is an area of a particular status, enforced by law, where not just a couple of rare species of plants, animals, geological formations or archeological-paleontological objects can be found and need to be protected. To ensure, that these protected elements will remain or survive, we need to protect their living habitat as well. The natural values and the biodiversity of a given area offer a spiritual experience, and an aesthetic enjoyment, thus contributes to a spiritual recreation of the explorer of nature. Harghita County is one of the few places, endowed with several authentic natural treasures. These gems of nature represent an economical asset, and by this, an improper visitor’s behavior can endanger its content and existence. Protecting our environmental treasures is a collective task and duty. The managing organizations which are responsible for these reserves have been already assigned, and they can enforce or apply special rules for visitors regarding protected area. Below you can find some recommendations concerning the avoidance of natural damages:
  • do not leave the marked trails
  • do not litter or leave garbage behind
  • keep the peace and quiet by avoiding to use strong sources of music
  • do not tear any plants down, including the protected species
  • camp only in specially designed and marked areas
  • make fire only in special designated areas, and make sure that you put you put it out before leaving
  • do not throw lit cigarette butts
  • avoid using motorized vehicles in the vicinity of the protected areas, and use only the marked accessibility routes
  • enjoy the sounds and sights of nature and do not disturb others in enjoying these as well
By this informative material, which presents the natural protected areas of Harghita County, we wish to contribute to the promotion of a responsible and eco-conscious form of tourism. To a better success we count on your open mindedness and interest.

Closer to nature: through visiting and preservation!


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